ENGLISH GRAMMAR TENSES|| KIND OF TENSES

ENGLISH GRAMMAR TENSES|| KIND OF TENSES


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ENGLISH GRAMMAR TENSES|| KIND OF TENSES

SIMPLE PRESENT OR PRESENT INDEFINITE
AffirmativeTHEY GO TO SCHOOL
InterrogativeDO THEY GO TO SCHOOL?
StructureSUBJECT + VERB (  IF SUBJECT 3RD PERSON SINGULAR NUMBER IT TAKES "S" OR "ES " AT THE END OF VERB )+ OBJECT
Uses
AND
example
  • action in the present taking place once, never or
  • THEY GO TO SCHOOL
PRESENT CONTINUOUS

THEY ARE GOING TO SCHOOL.
NegativeTHEY ARE NOT GOING TO SCHOOL.
InterrogativeARE THEY GOING TO SCHOOL?
STRUCTURESUBJECT + BE VERB( AM/IS/ARE) ACCORDING TO PERSON + VERB+ ING + OBJECT
USE
AND EXAMPLE
  • action taking place at the moment of speaking
  • action arranged for the future and going to happen
  • THEY ARE GOING TO SCHOOL
SIMPLE PAST OR PAST INDEFINITE
AffirmativeTHEY WENT TO SCHOOL
NegativeTHEY DID NOT GO TO SCHOOL
InterrogativeDID THEY GO TO SCHOOL
STRUCTURESUBJECT+ VERB(PAST FORM)+ OBJECT
USE
AND
EXAMPLE
  • action in the past taking place once, never or several times
  • actions taking place one after another
  • THEY WENT TO SCHOOL.
PAST CONTINUOUS
AffirmativeTHEY WERE GOING TO SCHOOL.
NegativeTHEY WERE NOT GOING TO SCHOOL.
InterrogativeWERE THEY GOING TO SCHOOL
STRUCTURESUBJECT+ WAS/ WERE+ VERB-ING+ OBJECT
USE AND EXAMPE       
  • action going on at a certain time in the past
  • actions taking place at the same time
  • action in the past that is interrupted by another action
  • They were going to school
PRESENT PERFECT
AffirmativeTHEY HAVE SLEPT
NegativeTHEY HAVE NOT SLEPT
InterrogativeHAVE THEY SLEPT?
STRUCTURESUBJECT+ HAS/ HAVE + VERB- PAST PARTICIPLE FORM + OBJECT
USE AND    EXAMPLE   
  • emphasis is on the result (not the duration)
  • the action that started in the past & is still going on
  • the action that stopped recently
  • finished action that has an influence on the present
  • THEY HAVE GONE TO SCHOOL
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
AffirmativeTHEY HAVE BEEN READING 
NegativeTHEY HAVE NOT BEEN READING
InterrogativeHAVE THEY BEEN READING?
 STRUCTURE  have or has + been + verb + ing
USE AND EXAMPLE
  • putting emphasis on the course or duration (not the result)
  • the action that recently stopped or is still going on
  • finished action that influenced the present
  • THEY HAVE BEEN WALKING
PAST PERFECT
AffirmativeTHEY HAD GONE
NegativeTHEY HAD NOT GONE
InterrogativeHAD THEY GONE?
STRUCTURESUBJECT + HAD + VERB - PAST PARTICIPLE FORM + OBJECT
USE AND EXAMPLE
  • action taking place before a certain time in the past
  • sometimes interchangeable with past perfect continuous
  • putting emphasis only on the fact (not the duration)
  • THEY HAD GONE.
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
AffirmativeTHEY HAD BEEN GOING TO SCHOOL
NegativeTHEY HAD NOT BEEN GOING TO SCHOOL
InterrogativeHAD THEY BEEN GOING TO SCHOOL?
STRUCTURE  SUBJECT+ HAD BEEN + VERB-ING + OBJECT
USE AND EXAMPLE
  • action taking place before a certain time in the past
  • sometimes interchangeable with past perfect simple
  • putting emphasis on the duration or course of an action
  • THEY HAD NOT BEEN GOING TO SCHOOL.
SIMPLE FUTURE
Affirmative THEY SHALL GO TO SCHOOL
Negative THEY SHALL NOT GOING TO SCHOOL
InterrogativeSHALL THEY GO TO SCHOOL?
STRUCTURE  SUBJECT + SHALL/ WILL + VERB + OBJECT
USE AND EXAMPLE
  • We use the simple future for instant decisions.
  • THEY SHALL GO TO SCHOOL
FUTURE  PLAN( GOING TO)
AffirmativeTHEY ARE GOING TO SCHOOL
NegativeTHEY ARE NOT GOING TO SCHOOL
InterrogativeARE THEY GOING TO SCHOOL?
STRUCTURESUBJECT+ BE VERB( AM/ IS /ARE) + GOING TO+ verb
USE AND EXAMPLE
  • to express the future when we intend to do something or have decided to do something but did not arrange it. It is just an intention.
  • predictions in the future
  • THEY ARE GOING TO SCHOOL
FUTURE PERFECT
AffirmativeTHEY SHALL HAVE GONE TO SCHOOL.
NegativeTHEY SHALL HAVE NOT GONE TO SCHOOL
InterrogativeSHALL THEY HAVE GONE TO SCHOOL?
STRUCTURESUBJECT + SHALL/ WILL+ HAVE + VERB - PAST PARTICIPLE FORM + OBJECT
USE AND EXAMPLE
  • the action that will be finished at a certain time in the future
  • THEY SHALL HAVE GONE TO SCHOOL
FUTURE CONTINUOUS
AffirmativeTHEY SHALL BE GOING TO SCHOOL
Negative THEY SHALL NOT BE GOING TO SCHOOL
InterrogativeSHALL THEY BE GOING TO SCHOOL?
STRUCTURE SUBJECT + SHALL BE/ WILL BE + VERB - ING + OBJECT.
USE AND EXAMPLE
  • the action that is going on at a certain time in the future
  • the action that is sure to happen in the near future
  • THEY SHALL BE GOING TO SCHOOL

FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
AffirmativeTHEY SHALL HAVE BEEN GOING TO SCHOOL
NegativeTHEY SHALL NOT HAVE BEEN GOING TO SCHOOL
InterrogativeSHALL THEY HAVE BEEN GOING TO SCHOOL?
STRUCTURE  SUBJECT+ SHALL/ WILL + HAVE + BEEN + VERB - ING  + OBJECT
USE AND EXAMPLE
  • action taking place before a certain time in the future
  • putting emphasis on the course of an action
  • THEY SHALL HAVE BEEN GOING TO SCHOOL.
CONDITIONAL SIMPLE
AffirmativeTHEY WOULD GO TO SCHOOL
NegativeTHEY WOULD NOT GO TO SCHOOL
InterrogativeWOUD THEY GO TO SCHOOL
STRUCTURE SUBJECT+ WOULD+ VERB - PRESENT FORM
USE AND EXAMLE
  • the action that might take place
  • THEY WOULD GO TO SCHOOL
CoNDITIONAL CONTINUOUS
AffirmativeTHEY WOULD BE GOING TO SCHOOL
NegativeTHEY WOULD NOT BE GOING TO SCHOOL
InterrogativeWOULD THEY BE GOING TO SCHOOL?
STRUCTURESUBJECT + WOULD + BE +VERB - ING  + OBJECT
USE AND EXAMPLE
  • the action that might take place
  • putting emphasis on the course/duration of the action
  • THEY WOULD BE GOING TO SCHOOL.
CONDITIONAL PERFECT
AffirmativeTHEY WOULD HAVE GONE TO SCHOOL
NegativeTHEY WOULD HAVE NOT GONE TO SCHOOL
InterrogativeWOULD THEY HAVE GONE TO SCHOOL?
STRUCTURESUBJECT + WOULD + HAVE + VERB - PAST PARTICIPLE FORM + OBJECT.
Uses AND EXAMPLE
  • the action that might have taken place in the past
  • THEY WOULD HAVE GONE TO SCHOOL
CONDITIONAL PERFECT CONTINUOUS
AffirmativeTHEY WOULD HAVE BEEN GOING TO SCHOOL
NegativeTHEY WOULD HAVE NOT BEEN GOING TO SCHOOL
InterrogativeWOULD THEY HAVE BEEN GOING TO SCHOOL?
STRUCTURESUBJECT + WOULD + HAVE BEEN + VERB-ING + OBJECT
USE AND EXAMPLE
  • an action that might have taken place in the past
  • puts emphasis on the course/duration of the action
  • THEY WOULD HAVE BEEN GOING TO SCHOOL.
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