Current Affairs - 2019 - Current Affairs today 10th July 2019

,current affairs

What are the current affairs?

events or incidents of political or social interest and importance happening around the world at the present time.

➤About Current affairs
Current affairs consist of the two words – Current and Affairs get together to give an interesting name to a subject of study. Current means of the late current affairs day to day life and affairs mean events, issues related to current affairs, etc. Therefore current affairs are the day to day even and incidents and events around us. 
Current affairs different from news
Technically Current Affairs is coined as a classification of broadcast journalism where the emphasis is on detailed analysis and discussion of news stories that have recently happened or are ongoing at the time of broadcast. This differs from regular news telecasts where the stress is on news reports prepared for simple presentation as soon as possible, often with a minimum of analysis. It is also totally dissimilar from the news magazine show format in that the events are dealt in immediately.  Current Affairs is an explanation of current events and issues, including political or industrial debates public policy issues. The office separates Current Affairs from the coverage of news, coverage of special events like parliamentary proceedings, and the coverage of consumer affairs, among other exceptions.

The incidents and events that happen in an individual’s immediate environment are of concern and interest as they are so strongly connected to one’s cognitive-emotional structure. 
Current affairs spin around happenings in a different field related to national, international, economy, sports, science and technology, environment. The expansion of Current affairs is wider and deeply influenced all and sundry. Current Affairs enclose within its fold incidents occurring in different categories as well as related developments. For instance, national events include within its fold aspects like economy, social, political, sports, science, environment, etc. The event 7 incidents s can be of national importance or be not irrelevant at the state, district level.  If we discuss International Current its range could be related to the various aspects of politics, economy, science, and environment, and reach could be spread across continents such as America, southern Asia, East Asia, Central Asia, Africa, Gulf countries Latin America, European, etc. Looking at this expand in reach and range of current affairs it can be proposed that one should draw guideline the limits of current affairs on the basis of individual needs and objectives.

Why should we read current affairs?

Current affairs play a vital role in the life of a student as well as job aspirants. It enriches not only the students but all people who are aspiring to continue learning new things every day. keeping yourself up to date not only keeps yourself update but also remains aware people around you knowledgeable.
Importance of current Affairs in various competitive Examination
Most of the students, as well as job aspirant, are not recognizing the importance of current affairs while preparing for all competitive exams. But after getting a low score they will know the important role of current affairs.
There are many difficult examinations like:-
  1. UPSC,
  2. SSC,
  3. IBPS and
  4. various others state level, where the students have to clear a section based on current affairs which took place in the world. After clearing the exam, even in the interview also they give a situation based on the ongoing latest current affairs and take your views based on it.

Current Affairs - 2019 - Current Affairs today 9th July 2019

Current Affairs - 2019 - Current Affairs today 9th July 20191. Kyriakos Mitsotakis became the prime minister of  Greece.

➥ prime minister Greece’s outgoing, Alexis Tsipras, has handed over administrative power to Kyriakos Mitsotakis, a former banker who conducted the center-right New Democracy party to a landslide victory in Sunday’s snap general elections.

In a changing of the guard that was as suppressed as it was swift, Mitsotakis thought office after he was officially taken sworn by the Orthodox Christian country’s spiritual leader, Archbishop Ieronymos.

Hours after, the upcoming government was declared: of its 51 members, 21 were out of belief politicians, some from center-left backgrounds, some technocrats, some from the world of business who had arrived on board “to ameliorate the country turn a new page”.

1. India has provided 250 houses to the state of Myanmar named Rakhine.

India will deliver 200 houses on Tuesday to Myanmar constructed for Rakhine State under the Rakhine State Development Programme (RSDP) for $ 25M for a period of five years.
The focus of RSDP has been on sustainable and durable solutions based on creative socio-economic development. A Pilot Project under RSDP has been the construction of the 250 pre-fabricated house at three villages in Northern Rakhine State.
The project was taken over by Indian companies -- M/s Hindustan Prefab Limited as Project ..

2. French is going to levy the green tax on plan ticket by 2020.
The government of French is to levy a tax of up to €18 on plane tickets for all flights from airports in France to make fund less-polluting transportation projects, a Minister said on Tuesday.

The move, which will implement from 2020, will see a tax of €1.5 levied on economy-class tickets on internal flights and those within Europe, with the highest tariff, imposed to business-class travelers flying outside the bloc, Transport Minister
 of French Mrs.Elisabeth Borne spoke.

The new measure is guessed to bring in some €182 million a year which will be invested in greener transport infrastructures, notably rail, she said, adding that it will only be imposed on outgoing flights and not those flying into the country.

A similar tax was introduced in Sweden in April 2018, which levied an added charge of up to €40 on every ticket in a bid to decrease the effect of air travel on the climate

3. India & Russian 2nd strategic economic dialogue has been held in New Delhi, Capital of India.
The second India-Russia Strategic Economic Dialogue (IRSED) shall become off on July 10 in New Delhi, by the chairmanship of NITI Aayog vice-chairman Rajiv Kumar and Timur Maksimov, deputy minister of the economic development of the Russian Federation.

“The 2nd  meeting of the IRSED shall be aimed on six core areas of cooperation, namely, development of transport infrastructure and technologies; development of agriculture and agro-processing sector; small and medium business support; digital transformation and frontier technologies; cooperation in trade, banking, finance, and industry; and tourism & connectivity,” the Aayog mentioned in a statement.

The IRSED was set up following a bilateral (MoU) inked between NITI Aayog and the ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation at the 19th edition of the Annual India-Russia Bilateral Summit, which was come off on October 5, 2018, in New Delhi.

The first India-Russia Strategic Economic Dialogue was conducted in St. Petersburg in November last year and was presided by Maxim Oreshkin, minister of economic development of the Russian Federation, and Rajiv Kumar, vice-chairman, NITI Aayog.

4. Indian Army placed Order to fetch Spike Missile from Israel.
: Indian Army ordered for Israeli anti-tank Spike missiles! In a major move to bolster its arsenal and firepower against foes, the Indian Army is importing Spike Missiles. The order was requested under emergency purchases in order to meet operational preparedness, as per a PTI report. This move came after the central government gave powers to three armed forces to make emergency purchases. The force can make buying of Rs 300 crore under this provision. Following the daredevil Balakot Air Strike by Indian Air Force, Indian Army in April gave its nod to fetch such missiles. Finally, the order was sent in the beginning of July.

 key features of Spike missile 

1. Israeli anti-tank Spike missiles from Israel are multi-platform, cutting-edge precise, multi-mission, and multi-range electro-optical missiles. These missiles have the ability of fire, watch, update, fire-and-forget as well as allowing attack of occult targets.

2. Israeli anti-tank Spike missiles are made by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. These missiles are famous for precision targeting and have the capabilities to destroy bunkers.

3. Israeli anti-tank Spike missiles contain the capability of targeting anything at a range of four kilometers. These can be placed in both plains and mountains.

4. Israeli anti-tank Spike missiles can be shoot out from multiple platforms such as ground launchers, helicopters, vehicles, and ships. These Spike missiles can be deployed or placed even along the Line of Control (LoC).

5. The placing of order took place after the three armed forces and senior officials of the Defence Ministry met Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and made presentations before him.

6. Indian Army is prioritizing the purchase of precision-guided kit for artillery ammunition.

7. Of late the United Kingdom, Belgium, Australia, Germany, Netherlands, Italy, Singapore, Portugal, South Korea, and Spain are using this Spike anti-tank guided missile.

8. Having Spike missile in armory provides a cutting edge when one has surrounded spaces to launch it. Spike missiles have a soft launch capability.

9. Spike missiles feature the lock-on ability prior to its launch. These are automatic self-guidance missiles and possess imaging infrared seeker. These missiles do give a shield to the army men.

10. The main feature and system of Anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM) is that these are manufactured in a way to target and decimate heavily armored vehicles along with enemy military tanks.

5.BCC inks MoU with BRICS to promote trade.

6. Dutee Chand wins 100m. Gold world University Game to be a 1st Indian.
National record holder Dutee Chand has been the first Indian woman track and field athlete to clinch a gold medal in the World Universiade after she carried away the 100m dash event in Napoli.

The 23-year-old Dutee clocked 11.32 seconds to win the gold as she conducts the race from start to finish.

Running at lane number 4, Dutee was the first one out of the eight athletes to blast off the starting blocks and she made most of it to fend of a late challenge from Del Ponte (11.33) of Switzerland.

Lisa KwaYie of Germany took the bronze in 11.39 seconds in the race run past midnight Indian time on Tuesday.

The Odisha runner, whose national record stands at 11.24 seconds, this has been the first Indian to win a 100m gold in a global event.

She has now become only the second Indian sprinter to win a gold in a global event after Hima Das, who clinched the top spot in 400m in the World Junior Athletics Championships last year.

Dutee, who had a silver each in 100m and 200m in the 2018 Asian Games, is also only the second Indian track and field athlete to win a gold in the World Universiade. Inderjeet Singh had clinched the top spot in men’s shot put the event in the 2015 edition.

After winning the race, Dutee, who recently admitted having a relationship with a girl, tweeted: “Pull me down, I will come back stronger!”

She further mentioned: “With years of hard work and your blessings, I have yet again broken the record by winning the Gold in the 100m dash in 11.32 seconds at The World University Games, Napoli. In the pictures (picture of all three medal winners), are the winners too, with a heart of Gold from Germany and Sweden.

Earlier on Tuesday, Dutee qualified for the final with a time of 11.41 seconds in the semifinal, which had made her the first Indian sprinter to make it to the final of World Universiade.

On Monday, she had approached to the semifinals from the heats with a time of 11.58 seconds.

Dutee has a season-best of 11.26 seconds in 100m, recorded in the Doha Asian Championships in April. She could not arrive the semifinals in the previous edition of the World University Games in Taipei City in 2017, where Sanjivani Jadhav had got a silver in women’s 10000m race.

Dutee is at present a student at Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, a deemed university in Bhubaneswar. She is yet to crack for the World Championships to be held in Doha in September-October.

President Ram Nath Kovind welcomed Dutee on her feet.

“Congratulations @DuteeChand for winning the 100m sprint at the Universiade, the World University Games, in Naples. It is  India’s first such gold and a moment of immense pride for our country. Please keep up the effort, and look to greater glory at the Olympics,” the President tweeted.

Dutee tweeted to the President’s tweet, telling: “Thank you, sir. I will try my level best to win the Olympics Gold Medal home. Once again, many thanks for your blessings.”

Sports Minister Kiren Rijiju also inspired or encouraged Dutee’s efforts.

“I’ve been following since my childhood but it never came. Finally, for the first time, gold is waiting for India! Congratulations @DuteeChand for winning the 100m sprint at the Universiade, the World University Games, in Naples,” Rijiju spoke in his tweet.
 Current Affairs - 2019 - Current Affairs today 10th July 2019
7."Best innovation award" named ' Plan Bee' won the North Frontier Railway.
The Northeast Frontier Railways' (NFR) PLAN BEE has been conferred the Best Innovation Award on 9 July. It has accepted a unique strategy to keep away wild elephants away from train tracks.
In the forest area of Assam, elephants would often come in the way of speeding trains and die as a large portion of rail tracks went through forested areas. In a bid to tackle the problem NFR copes up with 'Plan Bee' in 2017.

 About PLAN BEE:
The project aims to protect the lives of the elephants by installing devices at several level crossings in the state to play the sound of buzzing honey bees to drive away from the pachyderms. Studies suggest elephants are timid of swarming bees.
Despite the 29 earmarked wildlife corridors, where trains slow down and drivers control speed as a norm, elephants have often ventured into train tracks beyond the corridors.
Trials were run successfully. Equipment was manufactured to generate the amplified sound of honey bees from a distance of about 700-800 m.
With the first instrument installed at level crossing gate between Azara and Kamakhya stations under Rangiya division. It has been claimed that the strategy has been helpful in diverting herds of elephants, especially when trains are approaching.           

The Northeast Frontier Railway is important among  18 railway zones in India. It is headquartered in Guwahati, Assam. NFR is responsible for rail operations in the entire Northeast and parts of West Bengal and Bihar.

8. Arun Kumar appointed as a DGCA Director General.
 Arun Kumar, additional secretary in the Ministry of Civil Aviation, will now be holding the full-time charge of the head of aviation regulator DGCA, an official order said Tuesday.

"The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has selected the appointment of Arun Kumar, Additional Secretary and Financial Advisor, Ministry of Civil Aviation as Director General in the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) ," spoke the order issued by the Department of Personnel and Training.

Kumar was leading the DGCA as an additional charge between May 31 and July 9 this year.

Kumar has been an IAS officer of 1989 batch of Haryana cadre.

Before Kumar, B S Bhullar was holding the full-time charge of DGCA chief.

Bhullar, an IAS officer of Uttar Pradesh cadre, was assigned as full-time DGCA chief in December 2016.

In between June 2016 and December 2016, Bhullar was holding the charge the DGCA as an additional charge. In this time period, his main role was as an additional secretary in the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
 Current Affairs - 2019 - Current Affairs today 10th July 2019
9.Mr.Nalin Singhal has been CMD of  Bharat Heavy Electronics Limited ( BHEL).
State-owned engineering and manufacturing enterprise BHEL Tuesday mentioned Nalin Shinghal has been selected as its Chairman and Managing Director (CMD). "On his appointment as CMD of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Dr Nalin Shinghal, has assumed charge as CMD of India's largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise of its kind," BHEL said in a statement.

Prior to participating BHEL, he was the Chairman and Managing Director of Central Electronics Limited (CEL).

Shinghal holds a BTech degree in Electrical Engineering from IIT-Delhi and PGDM from IIM Calcutta.

He has been with the Indian Railways Traffic Service (IRTS) in various capacities in Operations, Commercial & Marketing functions and also with PSUs like CONCOR, IRCTC, and CEL, in diverse areas. He has also been with the Long Range Decision Support group of the Ministry of Railways.

 Current Affairs - 2019 - Current Affairs today 10th July 2019
10. The government of Goa made ' HIV TEST ' Mandatory before registry marriage.

 Goa Health Minister Vishwajit Rane on Monday spoke the state government is planning to force into act the HIV test mandatory for couples before registration of marriage.

The government wishes to bring in a legislation for this, he spoke reporters here

"The plan is to make the HIV test mandatory for couples before registration of marriage in Goa," he spoke.

The Goa law department is vetting the proposal to implement the test compulsory in the coastal state, he said.

"Once the legislation is approved by the law department, we can introduce it in the state Assembly during the upcoming monsoon session," Rane spoke.

In 2006, the then Congress-led state government proposed similar legislation which met with opposition from several quarters.

 Current Affairs - 2019 - Current Affairs today 10th July 2019