Current Affairs - 2019 - Current Affairs today 12th July 2019

 Current Affairs - 2019 - Current Affairs today 12th July 2019

What are the current affairs?

events or incidents of political or social interest and importance happening around the world at the present time.

➤About Current affairs
Current affairs consist of the two words – Current and Affairs get together to give an interesting name to a subject of study. Current means of the late current affairs day to day life and affairs mean events, issues related to current affairs, etc. Therefore current affairs are the day to day even and incidents and events around us. 
Current affairs different from news
Technically Current Affairs is coined as a classification of broadcast journalism where the emphasis is on detailed analysis and discussion of news stories that have recently happened or are ongoing at the time of broadcast. This differs from regular news telecasts where the stress is on news reports prepared for simple presentation as soon as possible, often with a minimum of analysis. It is also totally dissimilar from the news magazine show format in that the events are dealt in immediately.  Current Affairs is an explanation of current events and issues, including political or industrial debates public policy issues. The office separates Current Affairs from the coverage of news, coverage of special events like parliamentary proceedings, and the coverage of consumer affairs, among other exceptions.

The incidents and events that happen in an individual’s immediate environment are of concern and interest as they are so strongly connected to one’s cognitive-emotional structure. 
Current affairs spin around happenings in a different field related to national, international, economy, sports, science and technology, environment. The expansion of Current affairs is wider and deeply influenced all and sundry. Current Affairs enclose within its fold incidents occurring in different categories as well as related developments. For instance, national events include within its fold aspects like economy, social, political, sports, science, environment, etc. The event 7 incidents s can be of national importance or be not irrelevant at the state, district level.  If we discuss International Current its range could be related to the various aspects of politics, economy, science, and environment, and reach could be spread across continents such as America, southern Asia, East Asia, Central Asia, Africa, Gulf countries Latin America, European, etc. Looking at this expand in reach and range of current affairs it can be proposed that one should draw guideline the limits of current affairs on the basis of individual needs and objectives.

Why should we read current affairs?

Current affairs play a vital role in the life of a student as well as job aspirants. It enriches not only the students but all people who are aspiring to continue learning new things every day. keeping yourself up to date not only keeps yourself update but also remains aware people around you knowledgeable.
Importance of Current Affairs in various competitive Examination
Most of the students, as well as job aspirant, are not recognizing the importance of current affairs while preparing for all competitive exams. But after getting a low score they will know the important role of current affairs.
There are many difficult examinations like:-
  1. UPSC,
  2. SSC,
  3. IBPS and
  4. various others state level, where the students have to clear a section based on current affairs which took place in the world. After clearing the exam, even in the interview also they give a situation based on the ongoing latest current affairs and take your views based on it.

 Current Affairs - 2019 - Current Affairs today 12th July 2019

1. Who declared Srilanka as Measle free country.
➥ The World Health Organization today has declared Sri Lanka has free measles, interrupting transmission of the indigenous virus that happens the killer childhood disease.

“Sri Lanka’s achievement comes at a time when globally measles cases are growing. The country’s success depicts its commitment, and the determination of its health workforce and parents to combat children against measles,” spoke Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director WHO South-East Asia, congratulating the island nation.

A verification committee considered and reviewed in detail all data and ongoing efforts for measles elimination in the island nation and concluded that Sri Lanka has ceased transmission of indigenous measles virus. The country has submitted report its last case of measles caused by an indigenous virus in May 2016. Sporadic cases, reported in the last three years have all been importations that were quickly identified, investigated and rapidly responded to.

Sri Lanka’s success gains its persistent striving to ensure maximum coverage with two doses of measles and rubella vaccines being given in the childhood immunization program. The vaccination coverage in the country has been consistently high – over 95% with both the first and second dose of measles and rubella vaccine gave to children under the routine immunization program. Additionally, mass vaccination campaigns with a measles-rubella vaccine have been held periodically to plug the immunization gaps, the last one in 2014.

The country has advanced with a strong surveillance system and all vaccine-preventable diseases are an integral part of the communicable disease surveillance system. Measles is a notifiable disease in the country.

Sri Lanka places 4th country in WHO South-East Asia Region, after Bhutan, Maldives, and Timor-Leste, to remove measles and control rubella, a flagship priority program of WHO in the Region, ahead of the 2020 regional target. Last year Sri Lanka achieved rubella control, along with five other countries - Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, and Timor-Leste.
Elimination of measles is got when a country interrupts transmission of indigenous virus for three years. Rubella control is achieved when a country cuts down the number of rubella cases by 95% as compared to cases in 2008.

2. On 12th July National Simplicity Day is observed.
Henry David Thoreau was come of on 12 July 1817. National Simplicity Day is observed in honor of the birthday of Henry David Thoreau,  He encourages to step back and look the ways to simplify life in such a busy lifestyle. This provides us an opportunity to eliminate the unnecessary burdens that weigh us down.

"if you simplify your life, the laws of the universe will be simpler automatically". - Henry David Thoreau

Henry David Thoreau was an American author, an environmentalist, philosopher, naturalist, poet, historian, surveyor and a transcendentalist. He is well known for his book Walden which is a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings and his essay Resistance to Civil Government also known as Civil Disobedience, an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.

National Simplicity Day: History

National Simplicity Day was born out of a need to be free from the complications of the world and to allow ourselves to just be simple. This day focuses to step away from the technology, unnecessary stress and to enjoy life in a simple way as it is. Don't make life complicated.

“Simplicity is the essence of happiness.”– Cedric Bledsoe

“Enjoy the little things, for one day you may look back and understand  they were the big things.”– Robert Brault

3. Prasar Bharati inked with IIT Kanpur for research cooperation.
➥Prasar Bharati and IIT Kanpur inked a Memorandum of Understanding { MoU}for research collaboration in technologies areas.

The move is likely to enhance research activities in the broadcasting field. Chief Executive Officer,i Shekhar Vempati and Director, IIT Kanpur Abhay Karandikar were present at this juncture.
 Mobile broadcasting, Convergence of 5G, Artificial Intelligence Incubation Centre by Prasar Bharati and student internship for students of IIT, Kanpur at Prasar Bharati are among the main areas in the research fields.

 On the occasion, Mr. Vempati spoke, this engagement with IIT, Kanpur on Research and Development and innovation are very important as it is the onus of the largest public broadcaster to actively look to the future, develop and shape, size the future with emerging technologies.

The MoU will be effective from today and stay in force for a period of five years. The institutes may exceed the term in writing through mutual agreement.

 Main personality about Prasar Bharati:
♦ Headquarters: New Delhi
♦ CEO: Shashi Shekhar Vempati
♦ Founded: 23 November 1997
♦ Chairman: Dr. A. Surya Prakash

4. Samsung inked with Paisabazar to export goods.
➥Samsung took part hands with to offer financial products
South Korean tech giant Samsung declared its partnership with, an online marketplace for financial products in India.
Now, will stand by Samsung Pay to provide users with a one-stop solution to their financial requirements.
Users can apply for credit cards and personal loans from the platform.

5. Dolphin Research center will be set up in Patna of Bihar.

➥National Dolphin Research Centre (NDRC) will be established on the banks of the Ganga river in Patna University campus in Patna, capital of Bihar. It will be  India’s as well as Asia’s first Dolphin research center. The declaration for the center was made on the occasion of Dolphin day (October 5), came off in Bihar for protection and conservation of Gangetic river dolphin to create awareness to save endangered species. NDRC will act an important role in strengthening conservation efforts and research to save endangered mammal whose population is decreasing. Bihar is habitat to around half of the country’s estimated 3,000 dolphin population.
Gangetic river dolphin (scientific name: Platanista gangetica) is one of the four freshwater dolphin species in the world. The place where are found in Yangtze river, Indus river in Pakistan and Amazon river. Gangetic river dolphin species are met in India, Bangladesh, and Nepal.

Gangetic river dolphins are India’s national aquatic animal. It is almost completely blind and seeks its way and prey using ultrasonic echoes, with the help of sound being everything for them to navigate, feed, escape danger, find mates, breed, nurse babies and play.

Gangetic Dolphin’s presence signals a healthy river ecosystem. Dolphins prefer water that is at least 5-8 feet deep and are usually met in turbulent waters where there is enough fish for them to feed on. They prefer deep water with adjoining shallow water and live in a zone where there is little or no current that helps them save energy.

Meanies: Trapped in fishing nets, hunting for their oil and meat, poisoning of the water supply of river from industrial and agricultural chemicals. They are confronting the most significant threat from the building of dams along the upper course of their habitable rivers. It happening the segregation of populations and has a narrowed gene pool in which dolphins can breed.

Protection Status: Gangetic river dolphins fall under Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act and have been circulated an endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Conservation Program: Environment Ministry had initiated the Ganges River Dolphin Conservation Programme in 1997 to build a scientific database of their population status and also study their habitat quality of the dolphins’ distribution range. Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary situated in Bihar’s Bhagalpur district of Bihar is India’s only dolphin sanctuary is  sprinkled over 50 km along the Ganges

6. Bikas Swarup became the secretary of Overseas Indian Affairs.
➥Senior diplomat Vikas Swarup has been assigned as Secretary, Overseas Indian Affairs, according to an order placed by the Personnel Ministry on Friday.  Vikash Swarup, belongs a 1986-batch officer of the Indian Foreign Service, is at present India's High Commissioner in Ottawa.

He has been assigned as the Secretary, (consular, passport, visa and Overseas Indian affairs) in the External Affairs Ministry with effect from August 1, 2019, the order

7. Rajghat Thermal power station will be converted into a solar power system approved by the Government of Delhi.

➥ Delhi government on Thursday announced that after toying with ideas of setting up a waste-to-energy plant, a ground-based solar plant and an electricity museum, the defunct Rajghat Power House (RPH) would be converted into a ‘solar park’.

Deputy chief minister Manish Sisodia spoke the decision was taken during Tuesday’s Cabinet meeting presided by chief minister Arvind Kejriwal.

The coal-based RPH, under the Delhi government, was forced shut in June, 2015, because of the alarming pollution levels in the city.

The thermal power plant never disclosed again after that year.

But the plant’s formal closure, in terms of paperwork, never caused ever since.

“The Cabinet today inferred that the Rajghat power plant would now be officially shut down. On the 45-acre land available at the plant site, the Delhi government has decided to develop a solar park that will produce 5,000 KW of electricity,” Sisodia said at a press conference.

The coal-based plant, having a power generation capacity of 135 MW and located at Yamuna bank, was assigned in 1989. After it was shut, the Delhi government by the end of 2015 had first thought of setting up a ground-based solar power plant at the RPH site – similar to the one approved on Thursday.

But by January 2016, the government altered the plan, stating that there was already a plan to convert the other defunct Indraprastha powerhouse into a ground-based solar power system.

8. Japan’s Hayabusa2 Probe makes 2nd touchdown  On asteroid Ryugu.

➥Japan’s Hayabusa2 probe left a “perfect” touchdown on Thursday on a distant asteroid, collecting samples from beneath the surface in a second to none mission that could shed light on the origins of the solar system.

“We have fetched a part of the solar system’s history,” project manager Yuichi Tsuda said at a jubilant press conference hours after the successful landing was confirmed.

“We have never collected sub-surface material from a celestial body further away than the moon,” he added.

“We have done  it and we succeeded in a world first.”

Confirmation of the landing came only after Hayabusa2 lifted back up from the asteroid and started communications with the control room. Research director Takashi Kubota told reporters that the touchdown operation was “more than perfect.” And Mr. Tsuda, with a grin, spoke he rated it “1000 points out of 100.”

9. US House passes Bill to remove 7% cap on issuing Green Card...

➥ US lawmakers Wednesday forced into act a bill aimed at lifting the present seven percent country-cap on issuing Green Cards, a move which would benefit thousands of highly-skilled Indian IT professionals.

A Green Card permits a person to settle and works permanently in the US.
The US House of Representatives passed the bill, autographed into law, would considerably shorten the agonizing wait of intelligent professionals from countries like India who have applied for permanent residency in the United States.

Indian IT professionals, come to the US mainly on the H-1B work visas, are the worst sufferers of the current immigration system which imposes a seven percent per country quota on allotment of the coveted Green Cards or permanent legal residency.

Lifting the per-country cap would mainly benefit professionals from countries like India, for whom the wait for Green Card is more than a decade.

Some of the recent studies have declared the waiting period for Indian IT professionals on H-1B visas is more than 70 years.

Less than 7% visas may be initiated to natives of any one independent country in a fiscal year, according to the US Citizenship and Immigration Services.

 Bill enhances the per-country cap on family-based immigrant visas from seven percent of the total number of such visas available that year to 15 per cent and eliminates the seven percent cap for employment-based immigrant visas.

It also rejects an offset that reduced the number of visas for individuals from China.

The bill, however, has to be passed by the Senate, wherein the Republicans enjoy a majority, before it can be inked into law by President Donald Trump.

 Current Affairs - 2019 - Current Affairs today 12th July 2019